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Define Culture at Dictionary.com

2017-12-06 11:19

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British Dictionary definitions for culture Expand

culture

/ˈkʌltʃə/

noun

1.

the total of the inherited ideas, beliefs, values, and knowledge, which constitute the shared bases of social action

2.

the total range of activities and ideas of a group of people with shared traditions, which are transmitted and reinforced by members of the group: the Mayan culture

3.

a particular civilization at a particular period

4.

the artistic and social pursuits, expression, and tastes valued by a society or class, as in the arts, manners, dress, etc

5.

the enlightenment or refinement resulting from these pursuits

6.

the attitudes, feelings, values, and behaviour that characterize and inform society as a whole or any social group within it: yob culture

7.

the cultivation of plants, esp by scientific methods designed to improve stock or to produce new ones

8.

(stockbreeding) the rearing and breeding of animals, esp with a view to improving the strain

9.

the act or practice of tilling or cultivating the soil

10.

(biology)

the experimental growth of microorganisms, such as bacteria and fungi, in a nutrient substance (culture medium), usually under controlled conditions See also culture medium

a group of microorganisms grown in this way

verb (transitive)

11.

to cultivate (plants or animals)

12.

to grow (microorganisms) in a culture medium

Derived Forms

culturist, noun
cultureless, adjective

Word Origin

C15: from Old French, from Latin cultūra a cultivating, from colere to till; see cult

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for culture Expand

n.

mid-15c., "the tilling of land," from Middle French culture and directly from Latin cultura "a cultivating, agriculture," figuratively "care, culture, an honoring," from past participle stem of colere "tend, guard, cultivate, till" (see cult). The figurative sense of "cultivation through education" is first attested c.1500. Meaning "the intellectual side of civilization" is from 1805; that of "collective customs and achievements of a people" is from 1867. For without culture or holiness, which are always the gift of a very few, a man may renounce wealth or any other external thing, but he cannot renounce hatred, envy, jealousy, revenge. Culture is the sanctity of the intellect. [William Butler Yeats] Slang culture vulture is from 1947. Culture shock first recorded 1940.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

culture in Medicine Expand

culture cul·ture (kŭl'chər)
n.

The growing of microorganisms, tissue cells, or other living matter in a specially prepared nutrient medium.

Such a growth or colony, as of bacteria.

v. cul·tured, cul·tur·ing, cul·tures

To grow microorganisms or other living matter in a specially prepared nutrient medium.

To use a substance as a medium for culture.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

culture in Science Expand

culture

  (kŭl'chər)   
Noun  

A growth of microorganisms, viruses, or tissue cells in a specially prepared nutrient medium under supervised conditions.

The totality of socially transmitted behavior patterns, arts, beliefs, institutions, and all other products of human work and thought. Culture is learned and shared within social groups and is transmitted by nongenetic means.


Verb  To grow microorganisms, viruses, or tissue cells in a nutrient medium.
 

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.

culture in Culture Expand

culture definition



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